Photo source: http://www.haaretz.com/st/c/prod/eng/25yrs_russ_img/
The 1970’s marked the emergence of a movement in defense of human rights. The main voice for the movement was the Chronicle of Current Events. This journal consisted of political programmatic materials, and it allowed the editors to share their hardships and the human rights violations they had been subject to. Dissidence also took a variety of other forms, including public protests and demonstrations, open letters to Soviet leaders, and the production and circulation of manuscript copies (samizdat) of banned works of literature, social and political commentary (i.e. Chronicle of Current Events). In an article from the Current Digest of the Russian Press, the author argues that the Soviet Union was diligently working to ratify the covenants that would eliminate the violations of these rights. However, journal articles from the Chronicle of Current Events and other like sources would argue otherwise.
There were other movements going on simultaneously, including the Jewish movement, which was the product of official anti-religious repression and an anti-Israeli foreign policy. It wasn’t until all of these movements had arisen, however, that the government had realized their failure to assimilate minorities due to a lack of qualified teachers in minority elementary schools and the failure of linguistic Russification.
Soviet authorities attempted to repress these currents and activities by propaganda that discredited dissidents and their claims, confiscation of dissident literature, removal of dissidents from their jobs, prosecution and incarceration in mental institutions and prison, banishment to a provincial city or outlying region, or enforced exile with removal of Soviet citizenship.
Freeze text, pg. 446-448